Anti-waste law: new restrictions 2023-2025

The AGEC (anti-gaspillage pour une économie circulaire) law was passed on 10 February 2020. Amongst other things, it’s aims are mainly:

  • to remove disposable plastic;
  • to better inform consumers;
  • to combat waste and promote re-use;

Today, several measures are already part of the daily life of the French:

Stop/reduce the use of plastic 

  • Prohibition of certain single-use plastic products (plates, straws, cups, cutlery, cotton buds, expanded polystyrene boxes).
  • End of disposable dishes in restaurants, especially fast food, for meals eaten on site.
  • Removing plastic packaging around fruits and vegetables that can be sold in bulk.

Information on sorting and sustainable products

  • Improvement of recycling signage.
  • Generalization of the collection of plastic packaging in the yellow recycling bins.
  • Implementation of the repairability index: In 2020 in France only 40% of faulty electrical and electronic devices were repaired. In order to reduce waste, the government aims to increase this proportion to 60% within five years thanks to the establishment of a repairability index to be displayed in stores.
  • The repairability index is a mandatory note to appear on the products at the time of purchase.
  • Requirements for manufacturers to publish detailed information on the environmental characteristics of products (e.g. for textiles, geographical traceability of manufacturing stages).

Reducing waste

  • Prohibition on disposing of unsold non-food products.

A second life for products

  • Implementation of the “repair bonus” for electrical and electronic devices.
  • Implementation of in-store take-back of several everyday objects: furniture, toys, sports and leisure items, DIY and gardening items.

10 upcoming actions between 2023 and 2025

  • A new sustainability index on electronics. From 2024, the repairability index becomes a sustainability index taking into account 3 criteria: robustness, reliability, scalability. The first products concerned will be smartphones, televisions and washing machines.
  • Printing cash receipts on demand for small daily purchases, starting in spring 2023.
  • A new circular economy sector for professional packaging (pallets, films, boxes, etc.)
  • Expand the deployment of sorting bins in public spaces.
  • Implementation of a strategy to reduce, reuse and recycle plastic packaging (3R strategy).
  • Implementation of a roadmap 2023-2028 specific to the textile sector: better collection, better recycling, better repair, developing the second life of textiles, supporting virtuous companies that respect environmental labels.
  • Develop solutions for plastic microfiber filters on washing machines to prevent the release of microplastics that pollute the ocean.
  • To provide the French with a solution for collecting food waste to convert this bio-waste into biogas or compost that is useful for the circular economy of the territories.
  • Deploy eco-design bonuses and rebates to incentivize manufacturers to make their products more sustainable and recyclable.

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